While through reading through Exodus 14, the reader needs to keep in mind Psalm 103:7:
7 He made known his ways unto Moses, his acts unto the children of Israel.
God could explain things to Moses; the rest of them had to see God’s actions with their eyes. We know that the spirit of God was upon Moses and that’s how he could hear God.
In Exodus 14, after God had finally gotten them to move out of Egypt and after all the signs, miracles and wonders that had occurred in the process, the Israelites started to complain when they saw that Pharaoh and his armies were following them:
Exodus 14:10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the Lord.11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? 12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness. 13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. 14 The Lord shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace. 15 And the Lord said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:
The Israelites could only see what they could see! Human nature without the benefit of the spirit of God continues to grope in fear. God wanted all men and women to understand His ways as evidenced by the voluminous records in the Word and the sending of holy spirit. He provided a way for ‘whosoever’ (John 3:16-not just selected individuals), through the person of Jesus Christ. The Word of God is the means to ‘go forward’ instead of vacillating and wallowing in ‘whatsoever’.